Philosophy is the systematic analysis of reality, knowledge of being and their place in the world, human life and moral values, and other similar concepts like objectivity, justice, truth, and freedom from blame, and equality among individuals. Philosophy can also be called a system of thought, a system of explanation of natural and human sciences, of experience, of knowledge and of the practical application of knowledge. The object of philosophy is often known as its subject matter, but this is a somewhat misleading term, for philosophy can be taught and accepted as true only by those who adopt it as their philosophy. Philosophy thus cannot be objective.
Philosophy involves both philosophy and knowledge and it is often called the dialectical study of life. Socrates argued that knowledge and philosophical views are themselves false because they are determined by social conditions. This means that to know what we actually are, we must look at society as a whole, at the interaction of people within society, at the history of philosophies and truths, and at the political, cultural, intellectual and religious structures of a society. A society is composed of different classes with different aptitudes for living and knowledge and these classes have their own interests and goals. In order to understand these classes and their reciprocal interests, one must analyze and evaluate the social world.
Justice is a philosophy of society and human life. It involves fairness, accountability, social responsibility and equal opportunity. Justice is therefore a comprehensive theory which is often interdependent and partial in nature. Some philosophers distinguished between social justice or fairness and natural justice or obligation. Some others divided social justice or fairness into two general categories, rational justice and immoral justice.
What is Justice? We can explain this using four philosophical concepts, each of which has a somewhat different meaning when used in connection with Philosophy. Justice is fairly clear. According to most philosophers, justice is impartiality, equality, reliability, and reciprocity. These are reasonable and acceptable values by most people.
According to political philosophy, everyone is a politically equal member of a society. This is usually called “the good of the public” or “the common good.” Everyone gets to choose and live together, just as they choose and live together in the family, tribe, neighborhood, or nation. It also includes the freedom of each citizen to decide his own interests and to pursue them according to his choices and abilities.
Philosophical clubs have been important institutions in our society since the beginning. Our founding fathers put philosophy in place to support and enhance civilized society. In the United States, philosophical clubs have become crucial as a way to participate in the process of forming a national government. The members of a philosophical club can be expected to act in a consistent manner to further the common good of all citizens. They can also be expected to respect other forms of philosophy and diversity of views.
If you are interested in joining a philosophical club, there are some typical readings for you to consider. One of the typical readings you will hear at a typical club meeting is an introduction to the basic theories of political philosophy. Reading like this will help you get an overview of different philosophical schools and develop an understanding of what separates them from one another. Since each school claims to be more reasonable than the other, the discussion typically turns out to be a debate between opposing philosophies.
Another typical reading is called “ought” and “does.” The argument begins with the premise that “all human beings are moral agents” and that there is a necessary relationship between morality and society. The conclusion states that the only permissible relationship between the moral and the material world is a positive one and society exists to promote that moral reality. In short, the purpose of a philosophical club is to foster open minds, promote social interaction, and promote good social relationships.